So what are varicose veins?
Varicose veins are veins that have become twisted and enlarged near the surface of the skin. Although they can occur anywhere within the body’s veins, they most commonly occur in the veins in the legs and ankles. Veins have what are known as leaflet valves, or one way valves. The purpose of these valves is to prevent blood from flowing backwards (known as retrograde flow or reflux). If these leaflet valves fail, then the blood flows backwards, causing the veins to build pressure and swell. The legs are most affected because the leg muscles pump the veins to return blood to the heart against the effect of gravity. Varicose veins can run in families, but being overweight, being pregnant or having a job where you must stand for
long periods of time can lead to varicose veins. Varicose veins normally aren’t serious, but they can lead to other things and can be painful.
Mild symptoms include:
- Heaviness, burning, aching, tiredness, or pain in your legs – possibly worsening over long periods of standing
- Swelling in your feet and ankles.
- Itching over the vein.
More serious symptoms include:
- Leg swelling.
- Swelling and calf pain after you sit or stand for long periods of time.
Skin changes, such as:
- Color changes.
- Dry, thinned skin.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, We can examine your veins and let you know if there are any reasons for concern.